Read e-book online A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50) PDF

By William D. Davies

ISBN-10: 3110224437

ISBN-13: 9783110224436

Madurese is an immense local language of Indonesia, with a few 14 million audio system, normally at the island of Madura and adjoining elements of Java, making it the fourth greatest language of Indonesia after Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese. there's no latest entire descriptive grammar of the language, with current stories being both sketches of the complete grammar, or designated descriptions of phonology and morphology or a few specific themes inside of those parts of the grammar. there is not any competing paintings that offers the breadth and intensity of insurance of this grammar, particularly (though no longer completely) with reference to syntax.

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The glides [w] and [j] show the same effect. 1). If so, then the rule determining vowel height can operate prior to the epenthesis, in which case it is unnecessary to consider these elements ‘transparent’ in the same sense as [l], [r], and []. Finally, [s] behaves differently yet. Internal to a morpheme, [s] is followed by non-high vowels. This was illustrated for word-initial [s] above, and is also clear in the following: (29) [bisa] [t. ɤsar] [nɛsɛr] [pasar] ‘can’ ‘base/foundation’ ‘pity/love’ ‘market’ Regardless of whether or not the vowel of the preceding syllable is high, such as [i] or [], or non-high, such as [] or [a], the following vowel is non-high.

According to Stevens (1968), [] and [ʊ] result from a rule that lowers [i] and [u] in closed syllables, though this may actually reflect vowel length (see Cohn & Lockwood 1994 and discussion below). [e] and [o] are the output of a rule that raises [ɛ] and [ɔ]. 2. [ɨ] and [] result from the Vowel Harmony process (referred to as Vowel Tensing in Stevens 1994 and Vowel Raising in Cohn 1993a) discussed in the next section. 1. Vowel harmony Vowel harmony is perhaps the most striking feature of Madurese phonology.

1998) indicate that for the lexical items which they tested this form of elision is particularly widespread in 29 the Bangkalan, Sampang and Pamekasan areas. 28 As pointed out to me by Cathie Ringen, this process likely represents some pressure for trisyllabic roots to conform to the highly favored disyllabic form, deleting the vowel of the first syllable when the resulting cluster does not violate sonority sequencing of having a less sonorous consonant precede a more sonorous one. 29 As pointed out to me by Jill Beckman, a plausible alternative analysis of (54) would be to derive the surface forms directly from the underlying forms via a gliding process in which /ɔ/ surfaces as [w] and /ɛ/ surfaces as [j].

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A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50) by William D. Davies

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