By Jeroen Wiedenhof
A desirable description of a world language, A Grammar of Mandarin combines vast views with illuminating intensity. full of examples from daily conversations, it goals to permit the language communicate for itself. The publication opens with an summary of the language state of affairs and a radical account of Mandarin speech sounds. 9 middle chapters discover syntactic, morphological and lexical dimensions. a last bankruptcy lines the chinese language personality script from oracle-bone inscriptions to today’s electronic pens.
This paintings will cater to language freshmen and linguistic experts alike. effortless reference is equipped by means of greater than 80 tables, figures, appendices, and a thesaurus. the most textual content is enriched by means of sections in finer print, supplying additional research and mirrored image. instance sentences are absolutely glossed, translated, and defined from assorted angles, with a willing eye for fresh linguistic swap. This grammar, briefly, unearths a Mandarin language in complete swing.
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A desirable description of a world language, A Grammar of Mandarin combines huge views with illuminating intensity. full of examples from daily conversations, it goals to allow the language communicate for itself. The publication opens with an outline of the language scenario and a radical account of Mandarin speech sounds.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Mandarin
Tones may be pronounced diferently in context, as will be explained presently. 1 Mandarin 15 Chinese tones are usually described by means of a scale of fve PITCH LEVELS which divide the frequencies of a speaker’s voice in four equal intervals. 2 shows these pitch levels as units on the vertical axis: 1. low; 2. half-low; 3. middle; 4. half-high; 5. high. Pitch levels do not represent absolute values, but relative frequencies within the normal range of an individual speaker’s voice. g. coincide with a “low” pitch level in a female voice.
Kennedy (1901-1960). g. Simon’s (1947) dictionary and Chao’s (1968) grammar. Apart from the internationally well-known systems, there exist many local conventions for the transcription of Mandarin matching diferent languages, scripts and disciplines (Wiedenhof 2005). Some currently popular transcription systems for Mandarin are compared in Appendix D. 2 Tone Mandarin is a TONE LANGUAGE , a language which uses pitch just like other speech sounds to distinguish meaning. English may express distinct meanings by changing a consonant, as in bitter and fitter, or by swapping vowels, as in bitter and butter.
Guānhuà 官話 Mandarin A scholarly term for the northern Chinese dialects, distributed from the Amur river in northeastern China to Yúnnán province in the south, with a western ofshoot into Gānsu and Xīnjiāng. Guóyǔ 國語 standard Mandarin Literally meaning ‘national language’, this term has been in use since the early 20th century to designate Beijing Mandarin as a standard language. Today the term is still used in Taiwan and in non-Mandarin areas in China. e. ‘Hàn people’ as distinct from neighboring nationalities within China.
A Grammar of Mandarin by Jeroen Wiedenhof