Read e-book online A History of the English Language PDF

By Albert C. Baugh

ISBN-10: 0203994639

ISBN-13: 9780203994634

A heritage of the English Language explores the linguistic and cultural improvement of English from the Roman conquest of britain to the current day to supply a accomplished review of different features of its background. This best-selling vintage textbook has been revised and up to date and encourages the reader to strengthen either an figuring out of present-day English and an enlightened angle towards the problems affecting the language this present day. New gains of the 6th variation contain: an extra bankruptcy titled 'English within the Twenty-first Century', which examines the way forward for English and different international languages and comprises an evaluation of chinese language as an international language an in-depth remedy of phonological alterations, similar to the situation of the nice Vowel Shift as a bridge among heart English and Renaissance English extra insurance of corpus linguistics, particularly for Renaissance English clean sections on accessory and sign up a brand new survey of the hot debate among "creolists" and "neo-Anglicists" at the origins of African American Vernacular English. Balanced and wide-ranging, this textbook is a must-read for any pupil learning the historical past of the English language

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Established this language in Asia Minor and Syria, in Mesopotamia and Egypt, as the general language of the eastern Mediterranean for purposes of international communication. It is chiefly familiar to modern times as the language of the New Testament and, through its employment in Constantinople and the Eastern Empire, as the medium of an extensive Byzantine literature. The various dialects into which the language of modern Greece is divided represent the local differentiation of this koiné through the course of centuries.

The spoken language of the masses, Vulgar Latin (from Latin vulgus, the common people), differed from it not only in being simpler in inflection and syntax but also to a certain extent divergent in vocabulary. In Classical Latin the word for horse was equus, but the colloquial word was caballus. , are derived. In like manner where one wrote pugna (fight), urbs (city), os (mouth), the popular, spoken word was battualia (Fr. bataille), villa (Fr. ville), bucca (Fr. bouche). So verberare=battuere (Fr.

Moreover, our knowledge of Albanian, except for a few words, extends back only as far as the fifteenth century of our era, and, when we first meet with it, the vocabulary is so mixed with Latin, Greek, Turkish, and Slavonic elements—owing to conquests and other causes—that it is somewhat difficult to isolate the original Albanian. For this reason its position among the languages of the Indo-European family was slow to be recognized. It was formerly classed with the Hellenic group, but since the beginning of the present century it has been recognized as an independent member of the family.

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A History of the English Language by Albert C. Baugh

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