By Rita Chin, Heide Fehrenbach, Geoff Eley, Atina Grossmann
"After the Nazi Racial country deals a complete, persuasive, and bold argument in desire of creating 'race' a extra valuable analytical classification for the writing of post-1945 historical past. this can be an exceptionally very important undertaking, and the amount certainly has the capability to reshape the sector of post-1945 German history."---Frank Biess, collage of California, San DiegoWhat occurred to "race," race pondering, and racial differences in Germany, and Europe extra widely, after the death of the Nazi racial nation? This booklet investigates the afterlife of "race" when you consider that 1945 and demanding situations the long-dominant assumption between historians that it disappeared from public discourse and policy-making with the defeat of the 3rd Reich and its genocidal ecu empire. Drawing on case experiences of Afro-Germans, Jews, and Turks---arguably the 3 most vital minority groups in postwar Germany---the authors aspect continuities and alter around the 1945 divide and supply the beginnings of a background of race and racialization after Hitler. a last bankruptcy strikes past the German context to contemplate the postwar engagement with "race" in France, Britain, Sweden, and the Netherlands, the place waves of postwar, postcolonial, and exertions migration afflicted nativist notions of nationwide and ecu identity.After the Nazi Racial kingdom poses interpretative questions for the historic figuring out of postwar societies and democratic transformation, either in Germany and all through Europe. It elucidates key analytical different types, historicizes present discourse, and demonstrates how modern debates approximately immigration and integration---and approximately simply how a lot "difference" a democracy can accommodate---are implicated in an extended historical past of "race." This ebook explores why the concept that of "race" turned taboo as a device for figuring out German society after 1945. so much crucially, it indicates the social and epistemic results of this decided retreat from "race" for Germany and Europe as a whole.Rita Chin is affiliate Professor of historical past on the college of Michigan.Heide Fehrenbach is Presidential learn Professor at Northern Illinois University.Geoff Eley is Karl Pohrt extraordinary college Professor of up to date historical past on the collage of Michigan.Atina Grossmann is Professor of historical past at Cooper Union.Cover representation: Human eye, © Stockexpert.com.
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Additional resources for After the Nazi Racial State: Difference and Democracy in Germany and Europe (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany)
The success of this process of ethnic homogenization was assured by Soviet might and may have aided the establishment of Communist rule throughout Eastern and Central Europe. 63 However, this heavy-handed attempt to defuse the national-ethnic demands of minorities within nations through forcible expulsion paradoxically reinforced a commitment to ethnic nationalism demographically, and perhaps politically and psychologically. 64 Certainly the rigorous attempts by numerous nations to homogenize Introduction 27 their populations beg the question of not whether, but in what speci‹c ways, the broader European project of postwar reconstruction was racialized.
The years after 1945 were constituent for contemporary German racial understanding, and postwar debates regarding “miscegenation” and “Mischlingskinder” were central to the ideological transition from Na- 32 After the Nazi Racial State tional Socialist to democratic approaches to race. The term “Mischling,” in fact, survived the Third Reich and persisted well into the 1960s in of‹cial, scholarly, media, and public usage in West Germany. But its content had changed. 4 Thus “Mischling” remained a racialized category of social analysis and social policy after 1945, as before.
2 This essay aims to address this gap and argues that the study of social policy toward children has a lot to tell us not only about Nazi conceptions of race and nation but, more signi‹cant for the purposes of this volume, about the evolution of racial ideology during the transition from National Socialism to liberal democracy in postwar West Germany. 3 Informing this analysis is an insistence that we begin to consider two key postwar developments—namely, democratization and racial reconstruction—in tandem as mutually informing processes.
After the Nazi Racial State: Difference and Democracy in Germany and Europe (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany) by Rita Chin, Heide Fehrenbach, Geoff Eley, Atina Grossmann